This section presents the Community-Wide Plans for the Brookfield 2020 Master Plan. Community-Wide Plans are those plans that cover all areas of the community and lay the foundation for more detailed planning recommendations found within the Plan.
The Community-Wide Plans are built on the foundation of understanding and community priorities documented within the Community Outreach, Community Vision, and Goals & Objectives sections of this Plan.
Section 6 contains the following components:
- Land-Use Plan. This part provides a brief overview of existing land-use within Brookfield, and presents long-range policies and recommendations for high-quality and compatible new residential, commercial, business and public development, as well as the protection and enhancement of open spaces and environmental resources within the community.
- Transportation Plan. This part establishes the basis for a long-range system of roadways, trails, and transit that efficiently supports existing and future development.
- Community Facilities Plan. This part is intended to assist the Village in ensuring that high-quality community facilities and services are available to local residents and businesses in the future, including schools, fire and police protection, libraries, administrative facilities and meeting spaces, public utilities, and other public and semipublic uses. This section also intends to help the Village maintain and preserve key environmental and open space features, enhance the character of the area, and provide for a more complete range of park and recreational areas to serve the community.
Later sections of the Plan build on these Community-Wide Plans and establish more detailed ecommendations for specific subareas that have been identified by the community as areas most in need of improvement, and as areas that are most likely to change in the years to come.
The Land-Use Plan builds upon the existing land-use and development patterns in Brookfield, as illustrated in Figure 1 (Existing Land-Use). It strives to promote a compatible arrangement of uses which continue to make efficient use of land resources and community facilities and services. The Land-Use Plan (Figure 2) also emphasizes an approach that encourages continued protection of the Village’s residential areas and improving the overall quality of life within the community.
Community facilities and institutional uses are an important component of the Village’s character and play an important role in the overall Land-Use Plan. A description of the Land-Use Plan is provided below and illustrated in Figure 1 at the end of this section.
A new land-use classification system has been developed to help organize and arrange future land-use areas in the Village. A land-use classification system is necessary to accurately reflect the Village’s intentions for the type, intensity, and location of future land-uses within the 2020 Master Plan.
A land-use classification system is an important part of the 2020 Master Plan. It defines the different types of land-use areas that will be mapped as part of the 2020 Master Plan’s Land-Use Plan Map. Each of these areas is described in terms of its future function and may not necessarily translate to existing zoning ordinance districts. In fact, some of the classifications indicated below may not be currently represented in the Village’s zoning scheme.
The land-uses identified in this section and illustrated in the Land Use Plan (Figure 2) include:
- Single-Family Residential
- Attached Single-Family
- Multi-Family Residential
- Village Center Commercial
- Corridor Commercial
- Light Industrial
- Park/Open Space
- Brookfield Zoo
Within the residential land-use classification there are three categories of residential land-use: single-family residential, attached single-family, and multi-family residential.
residential area occupied predominantly by detached single-family residential dwellings.
Brookfield is primarily a residential community, consisting of older, well established neighborhoods, comprised of varied architectural styles and appearance. Much of the Village’s appeal and image is attributable to the unique character of its neighborhoods, and these distinguishing features should be preserved and enhanced. Single-family residential areas comprise the single largest land-use in the Village of Brookfield.
Because the community is essentially built-out, little opportunity exists for the development of new single-family residential homes, except in the case of a replacing an existing residential structure. Whenever appropriate opportunities present themselves, such as when another use vacates a site, new single-family residential development should be considered.
Although the Land-Use Plan generally reflects the existing land-use pattern, some parcels have been identified for single-family residential in the future that are now used for multi-family residential uses. To protect the character of single-family neighborhoods, multi-family uses located within single family areas in isolation from other multi-family uses have been designated for single-family in the Land-Use Plan.
Some areas within the neighborhoods are beginning to experience new construction and the “teardowns” of some of the smaller, “obsolete” older homes. The Plan recognizes the value and importance of Brookfield’s existing housing stock in terms of image, character, and stability. While the replacement of some older/obsolete homes can be considered desirable, the Village should continue to monitor the situation, to ensure that changes are sensitive to and reflective of existing neighborhood character.
residential area consisting of townhomes or duplexes.
There are several attached single-family areas scattered throughout the community, many in predominantly single-family neighborhoods. The Community Wide Land-Use Plan does not designate new areas of Attached Single-Family, however, the Pedestrian/TOD Subarea Plans, located in a following section, does.
A residential area occupied by multi-family dwellings: 3-flats, 6flats, condominiums and apartments.
Throughout the Village, several areas of multi-family residential exist. The majority of multi-family residential uses are located south of Congress Park Avenue. The multifamily dwellings offer a range of housing options for Village residents, and accommodate individual dwelling needs at different stages of their lives.
The range of multi-family residential units in Brookfield ranges from affordable older units to more recently constructed developments offering units with very high values and more spacious floor plans and garage space. A strong market for upscale multi-family residential dwellings in Brookfield has created a desirable environment for quality infill developments.
The Land-Use Plan designates several areas for multi-family, most of which reflect existing residential uses. Newly designated multi-family land-uses generally consist of single-family uses located within concentrated areas of multi-family uses. These single family areas that are isolated from other single-family areas have been designated multi-family in the Land-Use Plan.
New multi-family developments should be held to high standards for quality construction and building materials, architecture and appearance, and are required to provide adequate parking for residents and guests. Older multi-family developments often suffer from a lack of sufficient off-street parking and lack the amenities and market competitiveness that new developments can provide.
New multi-family residential developments should reflect the overall character of the community. Older developments should be improved with additional parking where appropriate and maintained and improved as needed. The replacement of older/obsolete units with new developments providing quality living environments and sufficient parking is encouraged.
Within the commercially designated areas of the Village, different intensities of commercial activity exist. With the exception of only a few properties, the commercial areas of the Village are located along the major commercial corridors, including 31st Street and Ogden Avenue, the Eight Corners Area, and Downtown Brookfield. Detailed Subarea plans for these areas are presented in a later section of this Plan (Section 8 – Pedestrian/TOD Subarea Plans).
Successful commercial uses are vitally important to the Village. Property tax and sales tax revenue from commercial activities contribute significantly to the Village’s, and other agencies’ ability to provide quality services, facilities, and programs to residents. The Subarea plans reinforce the commercial role of the Village’s primary shopping areas and corridors and strive to provide an environment respectful of the Village’s character and responsive to its needs for viable commercial development.
Village Center Commercial is a commercial/mixed-use area which is pedestrian oriented and provides products and services to meet daily living needs, as well as comparison shopping goods. Ground floor uses are primarily retail, restaurant, and personal service, with office and residential uses located on the upper floors. Although a pedestrian environment, the area is easily accessible by car and has sufficient off-street parking. The Eight Corners area, Downtown Brookfield, and areas near the Hollywood Station have a Village Center Commercial component. A small area of Village Center Commercial can also be found east of the Eight Corners area, on Monroe Avenue. Village Center Commercial uses are presented in greater detail in Section 8 (TOD/Pedestrian Area Subarea Plans).
Corridor Commercial is unique to the Ogden Avenue and 31st Street Corridors. Corridor commercial consist of areas that provide a wide range of commercial and retail products, offices, and services on a community-wide scale, including larger planned shopping and service locations. A more detailed overview of commercial areas along Ogden Avenue, 31st Street and 47th Street are presented in the next section of this Plan (Section 7 – Corridor Subarea Plans).
Light Industrial – an area containing light industrial business including body shops, distribution, low intensity manufacturing, warehousing, commercial service and machine shops.
Light industrial uses in the Village of Brookfield are located along 47th Street and at Southview Avenue adjacent to the Burlington-Northern/Santa Fe railway tracks. While no new industrial uses are identified within the Land-Use Plan, the Village should place a priority on retaining and improving existing light industrial uses.
Currently, residential uses in Brookfield are poorly screened and buffered from unsightly light industrial uses. Existing light industrial uses should be improved to be more aesthetically pleasing and should be buffered and screened to protect adjacent uses. Industrial uses and residential screening is discussed in greater detail in the
47th Street Corridor Plan found in Section 7.
Community facilities are an important component of the Land-Use Plan and a defining part of Brookfield’s overall appeal and community character. Community facilities are covered in detail later in this section.
Identified below are the land-use classifications for community facilities as identified on the Land-Use Plan.
Public/Semi-Public - an area containing community facilities, public/municipal buildings, churches, and utility areas.
School – an area designated for a public or private school, including elementary, middle school, high-school and associated buildings, uses, and play areas.
Park/Open Space - an area intended to be maintained as a park, Cook County Forest Preserve, recreation site or open space.
Brookfield Zoo – properties owned and maintained by the Brookfield Zoological Society (Brookfield Zoo).
|Figure 1 - Existing Land-Use - 8 1/2" x 11" (740 KB)
Click on the image to download the PDF document.
|Figure 2 - Land-Use Plan - 8 1/2" x 11" (745 KB)|
COMMUNITY FACILITIES PLAN
The Village of Brookfield is served by a system of community facilities that provides efficient delivery of public services and enhances the community as a desirable place in which to live and do business. High quality schools, parks, recreation, open space, municipal services, and other private organizations all contribute to the Village’s quality of life. Figure 3, located at the end of this section, illustrates community facilities within the Village.
Provided in this section is an overview of the community facilities within the Village and an assessment of each facility’s existing condition and future needs.
Understanding that the Village does not have jurisdiction or control over a majority of the community facilities within its municipal limits, but by identifying and understanding the needs of each community facility, the Village is better able to gauge its role in working with the different service providers to improve the overall level of service to Brookfield residents.
Schools & Educational Facilities
Education in Brookfield is provided at a variety of levels by a number of both public and private agencies. The quality school districts serving Brookfield add to the overall quality of life in the Village and is a major contributor to the Village’s desirability as a place to live and raise a family.
The Village should support the continued operation and improvement of these facilities, provided they do not negatively impact residential neighborhoods, and cooperate with the various organizations to maintain high-quality school sites and facilities.
S.E. Gross Middle School, Illinois School District 95
School District 95 is one of several school districts that serve residents in the Village of Brookfield. District 95 serves LaGrange Park and Brookfield with 2 schools: Brook Park (Grades K through 4), located in LaGrange Park; and, S.E. Gross Middle School (Grades 5-8) located in Brookfield.
S.E. Gross Middle School is within the Eight Corners area which is presented in greater detail in Section 8 – Pedestrian/TOD Subarea Plans.
Hollywood School, Riverside Public Schools, Illinois School District 96
Hollywood School is a K-5 elementary school located in Brookfield, adjacent to Riverside-Brookfield High School. Hollywood School serves the Hollywood neighborhood , which is comprised of parts of the Villages of Brookfield, Riverside, and Lyons. Students who attend Hollywood School move on to Hauser Junior High School (Grades 6 through 8), located in Riverside.
Hollywood School’s facilities are sufficient for the current population size and service area. Ongoing maintenance is planned, however there are no plans for major improvements or new construction.
Congress Park School, Illinois School District 102
Elementary School District 102 services parts of Brookfield, LaGrange, and LaGrange Park. Congress Park School, located on Shields Avenue is District 102’s only school within the Brookfield Community. Once attendees of Congress Park School reach junior high school, they attend Park Junior High School, located in LaGrange Park. High school students within School District #102 attend Lyons Township High School.
Congress Park School is not near its capacity (500-550 students). Although this year’s enrollment increased 8.8%, the 400 students are well below the Congress Park School’s capacity. The school anticipates primarily a stable enrollment. They do not foresee the need for any new school sites.
Narrow streets and lack of parking have been identified as issues affecting the operation of Congress Park School. Implementation of temporary peak-time one-way streets at Madison and Raymond could alleviate some of the operational issues.
Lincoln Elementary School, Illinois District 103
Elementary School District 103 serves residents of Lyons Township with five elementary schools and one middle school. Lincoln Elementary School is the only District 103 school located in Brookfield. The School District is uncertain about the future of Lincoln School. On January 5, 2004, the District 103 Board of Education voted on a budget plan that required the closing of two or three schools (out of five) if additional funding was not found. Which schools that may close have not be identified as of yet.
The Lincoln Elementary School facility could be used for other public uses, including a community center or private school. If the site is targeted for redevelopment, high-quality single-family homes should be built on the site.
Riverside Brookfield High School and Lyons Township High School
Public high school students may attend either Riverside Brookfield High School, located at 160 Ridgewood Road in Riverside or Lyons Township High School. Lyons Township High School has two campuses about a mile apart. Juniors and seniors attend the North Campus in LaGrange at 100 S. Brainard. Freshman and sophomores attend the South Campus in Willow Springs at 4900 S. Willow Springs Road.
In addition to the number of public schools in the area, Brookfield students may attend one of several local private schools:
- St. Barbara Catholic School is located in Brookfield, at the intersection of Prairie Avenue and Windemere Avenue.
- Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic High School is located at 10900 Cermak Road in Westchester and serves grades 9-12.
- Nazareth Catholic Academy serves grades K-12 and is located at 1209 West Ogden Avenue in LaGrange Park.
- St. Joseph Catholic Academy is located at 1840 Mayfair Avenue in Westchester and serves grades 9-12.
- St Louise Demarillac School is located at 1125 Harrison Avenue in La Grange Park, and serves pre-kindergarten through 8th grade.
Parks, Recreation and Open Space
Brookfield’s park, recreation, and open space needs are served by the Recreation Department of the Village of Brookfield, Cook County Forest Preserve District, and the Brookfield Zoo.
The primary function of the Brookfield Recreation Department is to provide recreation and leisure opportunities to the residents of Brookfield. They provide programs for children, teens, and adults; provide input to help with the development of the park properties in the village; coordinate the use of various sport fields in the Village; plan, coordinate, assist and lead various aspects of the special events in the Village (Easter Bunny Hunt, Concerts in the Park, Fourth of July Festivities, Brookfest, Fall Festival, Santa Calls, Holiday Celebration, and other Village memorials, vigils, etc.).
Present facilities utilized for recreation include the 9 Village park sites, the recreation hall and conference room (located in the Brookfield Municipal Building), the Water Tower Building, Recreation House, Faith Lutheran Church, SE Gross Middle School, Hollywood School, Riverside Brookfield High School, and Lincoln School. The Recreation Department also co-ops programs that are provided at: LaGrange Park, Lyons, North Riverside, and Riverside.
In terms of parks and open space, the Village has nine park sites that total 51.53 acres:
- Candy Cane Park
- Harrison Tot-Lot
- Madlyn Park
- Kiwanis Park
- Maple Park North
- Creekside Park
- Maple Park South
- Madison Avenue Tot-Lot
- Jaycee/Ehlert Park
According to Village staff, the current parks and recreation system is not adequate for the number of residents in town. The facilities that seem to be most desired by residents are a community center with indoor athletic areas, a swimming pool, a senior center, a teen center, and a skate park. The park master plan does follow the recommendations of the National Park & Recreation Association, which is 10.0 total acres per 1000 residents. Brookfield’s population at the last census was 19, 085, which brings them below the average, a calculated need of 191 acres.
Brookfield’s most important park and recreational priorities include: new indoor recreational facilities, upgrading of existing park spaces in town, improvement of land-used for sport activities such as baseball, soccer and general play, increasing maintenance staff whose primary responsibility are the parks and open spaces and additional full-time staff to help with the establishment and implementation of new programs.
To meet some of the open space needs of the community, the Village has negotiated the purchase of almost 5 acres of land with School District #103. The Village should continue to seek opportunities for the acquisition and development of parks and recreation amenities within the Village.
Cook County Forest Preserve District
The Cook County Forest Preserve lands are notable community assets and add to the overall character of the Village. The Forest Preserve District’s mission is to acquire and hold lands containing one or more natural forests, for the purpose of protecting and preserving the flora, fauna, and scenic beauties.
The Forest Preserve District has a large preserve located within the Village, along Salt Creek. The Brookfield Woods Preserve is located on both sides of Salt Creek throughout most of the community.
The Village should continue to cooperate and support the Forest Preserve District’s mission and encourage the continued maintenance and improvement of its facilities, including the existing and planned bicycle paths and trails.
Public/Semi Public Facilities
In addition to schools, parks and open space, other public and semi-public facilities provide important services to the residents of a community and also add to the overall quality of life. These facilities include the Brookfield Public Library, the Village Hall, Brookfield Police Department, the Brookfield Fire Department, and various religious institutions. The Village should maintain and improve their municipal facilities, provided they do not negatively impact residential neighborhoods, and encourage the same for the religious institutions and other public and semi-public organizations.
Brookfield Public Library
The Brookfield Free Public Library started in 1913 on its present site at the intersection of Grand Boulevard and Lincoln Avenue. The original building was built with funding from Andrew Carnegie. That building was razed in 1986 and replaced with the current structure. The interior was remodeled in 1999. The library provides standard library services: circulation (lending), reference, educational and entertaining cultural programs, and Internet access. The library provides additional services such as a notary public, voter registration, display cases and meeting rooms. They also have an outreach service to the British Home.
The library facilities are generally good. There are signs of aging, particularly the foundation. Parking can be limited at times, and the current facility lacks quiet study rooms. A need has also been expressed by the Library for an auditorium to hold larger crowds for expanded programs, and additional storage space for the audiovisual collection.
The current building will be outgrown in 10 to 15 years. There are plans to reallocate furniture and shelving in the public service areas to address some of the space limitation. In addition to the main library, a smaller satellite library may be needed on the southern end of the Village, assuming the main library remains at its current north side location.
The Village should accommodate the needs of the library, provided they are reasonable and that future expansion of existing or new facilities are compatible with adjacent uses.
The Brookfield Village Hall is located on Brookfield Avenue, east of Prairie Avenue. The facility houses offices of the Village Administration, Public Works, Recreation, Building, and Police Departments. Many of the Departments within the facility have expressed a need for larger office space, however, there are no expansion plans for the facility. The Village should continue to explore redevelopment opportunities to provide additional space/offices for proper administration of the Village’s critical services.
Brookfield Police Department
The Brookfield Police Department is the sole law enforcement agency within the Village limits, and, at times, they do request assistance from surrounding towns for extraordinary circumstances. The Police Department currently has adequate staff to serve the community. There are however, staffing shortfalls within specialized units, such as TAC-Unit, K-9 unit, and gang crimes unit.
The Police Department operates nine marked squad cars and four unmarked cars, all between one to five years old, and all in good working condition. All police operations are handled out of their main facility, which is centrally located within the Village Hall.
In terms of building size, the Police Department has expressed a need for additional space, however there are no plans to expand the police facilities. The Village should accommodate any expansion plans of the Police Department.
Brookfield Fire Department
The Brookfield Fire Department recently added new employees. The department owns and operates two front line pumpers, one aerial, two ALS ambulances, one reserve engine, two utility vehicles and one administration car. Current levels of equipment are adequate and future plans involve replacement of equipment due to age.
There are two fire stations in Brookfield. One is at 9001 Shields Avenue; the other is at 9248 Broadway Avenue. The size of both stations is satisfactory. The station on Shields Avenue is in excellent condition. The Broadway Avenue station needs more storage space and needs new windows, the parking lot repaved, and apparatus room and floor painted. There are no areas in the Village that would be difficult for the fire department to serve, if development or redevelopment took place. The water supply and distribution systems are adequate. The current fire insurance rating is Class 4, which is comparable to surrounding communities.
Religious and Other Institutions
There are numerous religious institutions within the Village of Brookfield. These institutions add to the overall sense of community and are often considered an important component of any community. The Village should accommodate the improvement and expansion of these facilities, provided they do not negatively impact residential neighborhoods.
|Figure 3 - Community Facilities & Open Space - 8 1/2" x 11" (620 KB)|
The Village of Brookfield should be served by a balanced transportation system that provides for safe and efficient movement of vehicles, bicycles and pedestrians, reinforces surrounding development patterns, and enhances regional transportation facilities. Figure 4, located at the end of this section, highlights the Transportation Plan that builds on the existing transportation network and conditions within the Brookfield community.
Streets are classified according to their design, traffic volume, and function. Streets in Brookfield are classified as Major Arterials, Minor Arterials, Collectors and Local Streets. Streets in Brookfield should direct traffic in a safe and efficient manner to the street classification that is designed to accommodate such traffic.
Ogden Avenue is the only major arterial street in Brookfield. Ogden Avenue should continue to function as a major arterial road. No new arterial streets are needed within the Village and none are proposed in the Transportation Plan.
Arterial streets are wider, faster, and have limited access points along their length. They also primarily carry thru-traffic whose origin and destination are outside of Brookfield. Commercial and non-local traffic should be directed to, and remain on, major arterial roads.
Ogden Avenue is an important regional road and within the Village of Brookfield. Many businesses rely on heavy traffic and visibility to their businesses. Consequently, Ogden Avenue is studied in greater detail in the next section of this Plan (Section 7 – Corridor Subarea Plans).
Minor Arterial Streets
31st Street, Kenman Avenue and 47th Street are minor arterial streets in Brookfield. Minor arterial streets function like major arterials, although they are not as fast and can permit on-street parking during non-peak times. Minor arterial roads can also accommodate thru traffic and commercial traffic, although typically at lesser volumes and speeds than major arterials.
There are no new minor arterial streets proposed as part of the Transportation Plan. The Village should limit access points onto minor arterial streets to improve safety and traffic flow.
31st Street and 47th Street are studied in greater detail in the next section of this Plan (Section 7 – Corridor Subarea Plans).
Collector streets are streets that collect traffic from local streets, and move the traffic toward arterial streets for efficient flow. Collector streets are intended to serve the local population, providing local streets with efficient access to arterial streets. Collector streets in Brookfield include Grand Boulevard, Washington Avenue, Maple Avenue, Prairie Avenue, Eberly Avenue, Brookfield Avenue, Burlington Avenue, Shields Avenue and Plainfield Road. No new collectors are proposed under the transportation plan.
All other streets within the Village are considered local or residential streets. Their purpose is to provide a means of access between a property and a collector or arterial street. Local streets are not designed to accommodate high volumes of traffic or traffic traveling at high speeds. Non-local motorists can create problems in neighborhoods along local streets and create concerns for safety. Local streets are not designed to accommodate high volumes of traffic. Consequently, local streets should be protected from high traffic volumes. Non-local, “cut-through” and commercial traffic on local streets should be minimized and the residential areas should be protected.
Each day, approximately 150 trains pass through Brookfield, along the triple-tracked Burlington-Northern Santa-Fe railroad.
Approximately 110 of those trains are Metra commuter trains and the remainder are freight trains. The existing rail infrastructure and its use is an established part of the Brookfield community. The community should continue to work cooperatively to address issues related to the rail corridor and its use.
Metra is the commuter rail service division of the Regional Transportation Authority (RTA). Metra service is provided between Aurora and Downtown Chicago via the BNFS railroad. Metra and the BNSF have a purchase of service agreement allowing Metra commuter rail service to operate within the BNSF right-of-way. The Village of Brookfield has three Metra Stations: Congress Park, Brookfield, and Hollywood. A depot is provided at the Brookfield Station and only warming shelters are provided at Hollywood and Congress Park Stations. Although the trains provide service to communities both east and west along the BNSF line, data gathered by Metra supports the popular opinion that the Metra service in Brookfield is used primarily for commuting to and from downtown Chicago. Approximately 93% of Metra trips that begin at one of the Brookfield area stations are traveling eastbound towards downtown Chicago and approximately 95% of trips ending at a Brookfield area station also originate from the east. A summary of Metra data for each station within the Village of Brookfield is presented below.
Congress Park Station
The Congress Park Station is located one-half mile west of Maple Avenue at the intersection of Burlington and Dubois Avenues. According to figures collected by Metra in Fall 2002, the Congress Park Station on an average weekday boards 118 passengers, all traveling eastbound. (The average Metra station has 645 daily boardings.) This accounts for only 14% of total weekday passengers boarding inbound trains at the three stations within Brookfield. Only 8% of passengers exiting outbound trains at the three Brookfield stations get off at the Congress Park station. The low ridership numbers at this station may be attributable to the station’s visibility, limited parking supply and payment for those spaces requiring a monthly/quarterly permit.
There are two paved surface lots for commuters at the Congress Park Metra station, providing 27 parking spaces. All parking spaces at this station are by permit only. No daily parking is available. According to Metra, the estimated usage of the parking areas at Congress Park is 100%. A destination survey indicated that 94% of the riders at Congress Park walk to the station.
The Brookfield Station is the busiest of the three Metra stations within the Village. The Brookfield Station is located east of the intersection of Prairie and Burlington Avenues. Metra Fall 2002 figures report that 603 passengers board inbound weekday trains at the Brookfield Station, accounting for 72% of all inbound riders from the three Brookfield Stations. In addition, 57 riders board weekday westbound trains. Almost 80% of passengers exiting outbound trains at the stations within Brookfield get off at the Brookfield Station. An origin-destination survey indicated that 43% of the riders at the Brookfield Station walk to the station, 34% drive alone, 14% are dropped-off, and 8% carpool. Only 1% of the riders used bus service to access the Brookfield Station.
There are five paved surface lots for commuters at the Brookfield Metra Station, providing 243 parking spaces. Four of the five parking areas are by permit only. Seventy spaces at the Village Hall, including four handicap spaces, are available on a daily basis for $1/day. According to Metra, the estimated usage of the parking areas at the Brookfield Metra Station is 90.1%.
The Hollywood Station, or “Zoo Stop”, is located at Golf Road and Hollywood Avenue. An average of 119 passengers board inbound trains at this station and accounts for 14% of total weekday passengers boarding inbound trains at stations located within the Village. Only 11% of passengers exiting outbound trains stopping at stations within Brookfield get off at the Hollywood Station. The low ridership numbers at this station may be attributable to the limited parking spaces available at this station, payment for those spaces requiring a monthly/quarterly permit, and the lack of major roadway access to the station.
It should be noted however, that the numbers presented above were collected in the Fall of 2002, and not during the summer, the Brookfield Zoo’s busiest season. These numbers provide an accurate assessment of commuters, but are not representative of riders using Metra service in the summer months to visit the Brookfield Zoo.
There are two paved surface lots for commuters at the Hollywood Metra Station, providing fifty parking spaces. All parking spaces at this stop are by permit only. No daily parking is available. According to Metra, the estimated usage of the parking areas at Hollywood is 100%. A destination survey indicated that 62% of the riders at the Hollywood station walk to the station, 32% drive alone, and 5% are dropped off.
More detailed study of these Metra stations are contained in Section 7 and Section 8 of this Plan.
STAR Line – Midway Airport Extension (ICS)
In April 1999, Metra completed the Phase I Inner Circumferential Commuter Rail Feasibility Study (ICS). The Study examined the potential of utilizing north-south freight routes for shared commuter use offering connections with five of Metra’s existing lines and providing service from O’Hare and Midway Airports. Current Metra service lines radiate from the City of Chicago. The proposed service would run north-south approximately 15 miles west of downtown Chicago, along a 22-mile route primarily using the Indian Harbor Belt Railroad (IHB) and the Belt Railway Company of Chicago (BRC) adjacent to Brookfield’s western boundary. The ICS has since been identified in the CATS 2030 Transportation Plan as a potential extension of the STAR Line.
The existing Congress Park Station is located 2,000 feet east of the IHB. The Phase I Feasibility Report identified a potential ICS Brookfield Station site as a potential transfer station with a relocated Congress Park BNSF Station. It was noted that there appeared to be sufficient land available to relocate the BNSF station to the west and consolidate it with a transfer station for the ICS. Metra is currently undertaking a Phase II Feasibility Study, which will identify potential travel markets, forecast ridership, research transfer station issues and determine the physical and operational issues that will need to be studied further. The North Central Council of Mayors and the West Central Municipal Conference undertook and completed in April of 2003 an ICS Land Use and Community Planning Study that shows potential land use surrounding each of the proposed station locations.
The Village should continue to work with Metra and the surrounding communities on this future extension.
Pace Bus Service
Pace is the suburban bus division of the Regional Transportation Authority (RTA). Pace was created by reform legislation in late 1983, and began operating throughout Chicago's six-county suburbs in mid-1984. There are three Pace bus routes that serve the Brookfield community: Route 302 Ogden / Stanley; Route 304 - Cicero – LaGrange; and Route 331 – Cumberland – 5th Avenue.
The Village should continue to promote the convenience of using the Pace bus service to travel within Brookfield and between the Village and other nearby communities and destinations. The Village should also work with local institutions that are currently serviced by Pace to review their current level of service and provide any feedback to Pace that might be used to improve ridership services.
Route 302 - Ogden/Stanley
Route 302 provides service between Cermak/Cicero in Cicero and LaGrange/Hillgrove in LaGrange, and MacNeal Hospital. Within the Brookfield community, the bus route travels through the community along Ogden Avenue, and passes near the Congress Park Metra Station.
Route 304 - Cicero – LaGrange
Route 304 Provides service between the 54th Avenue CTA Blue Line Station Terminal and LaGrange/Hillgrove in LaGrange. Within the Brookfield community, the bus route travels east and west through the community along Washington Avenue. The bus route provides service directly to Riverside Brookfield High School and passes near the Brookfield Zoo. The route also serves the North Riverside Park Mall.
Route 331 - Cumberland – 5th Avenue
Route 331 provides service between the Cumberland CTA Station in Chicago and the Brookfield Village Hall. This Pace bus route serves most of the community providing access to the Brookfield Zoo, the Brookfield Station Metra Station, and the Brookfield Village Hall. Route 331 travels through Brookfield along 31st Street, Maple Avenue, Prairie Avenue and Ogden Avenue. This route also provides Brookfield residents with bus service to Triton College, Hines and Loyola Hospitals and the Cumberland CTA Station.
Walk to Zoo Route
The Walk to Zoo Route is a delineated walking route directing Metra riders between the Hollywood Station and the Brookfield Zoo. The total walking distance is about ½-mile, or a 12-minute walk. The Village should work with the Zoo to improve directional signage along the route.
In an effort to capture some of the visitors to the Brookfield Zoo and make shopping within the community more convenient for residents and visitors alike, the transportation plan has identified a municipal bus/trolley route. The service could be operated at the Zoo’s busy periods, such as weekends, and provide pick-up and drop off at Hollywood station, Brookfield Station, downtown Brookfield, Eight Corners, and the Brookfield Zoo.
The Village should study the feasibility of providing the service to strengthen the retail and entertainment markets in the community.
There are currently no designated bike routes within the Village of Brookfield. However, Salt Creek provides an excellent opportunity for a scenic and safe off-street trail. The trail, as it is proposed on the Transportation Plan would connect the north and south sides of the community and link to important community facilities including the Village Hall, Brookfield Metra Station, Brookfield Woods, Creekside Park, Kiwanis Park and the Brookfield Zoo. An on-street route is also proposed to link residents with the Ehlert Park and the main shopping areas.
A newly constructed street can last as long as 50 years with proper maintenance. Brookfield has recently started an aggressive street maintenance and improvement program. Based on field observation and feedback received through the community outreach exercises, the Village’s infrastructure is in need of repair in many areas.
The Village should establish a proactive approach to street maintenance, to minimize the effects of age, weather, and traffic. The Village should begin to repair, upgrade, and resurface roadways and alleys on an ongoing basis as funding permits.
It is important that there is adequate parking for residents, visitors, customers, commuters and employees within the Village. Adequate parking for all areas of the Village and all land-uses is important. Parking is becoming an increasingly common problem in many areas of the Village and was cited frequently during the Community Outreach component of the planning assignment.
Currently, parking problems have been identified downtown, near Grand Avenue and Prairie Avenue, by the Brookfield Metra Station. Parking problems have also been identified within the Hollywood neighborhood. According to the Brookfield Police Department, frequent on-street parking in the Hollywood neighborhood’s narrow and curvy streets is problematic for emergency vehicles and snowplows. Excessive on-street parking occurs throughout the Village. Parking problems will be further compounded as the average number of vehicles per household increases.
A more detailed parking analysis is included for the Brookfield Metra Station/Downtown, the Hollywood Metra Station, and the Eight Corners area is located in Section 8 – TOD/Pedestrian Subareas.
Figure 4 - Transportation Plan - 8 1/2" x 11" (545 KB)